Resource Smoothing vs Resource Levelling


Resource smoothing and resource levelling are two techniques used in project management to effectively manage resources and ensure project success. While both aim to optimise resource utilisation and balance workloads, they differ in their approaches and outcomes. Let's explore both concepts, their differences, and when to apply each technique.

Technique Overview

Resource Smoothing vs Resource Levelling

Resource Smoothing vs Resource Levelling Definition

Resource smoothing focuses on adjusting the project schedule to ensure that resource demand does not exceed resource availability during any given time period. Resource smoothing aims to eliminate resource peaks and valleys, thereby creating a more balanced and sustainable workload for team members throughout the project. Resource levelling, on the other hand, focuses on adjusting the project schedule so that demand does not exceed availability. Resource levelling aims to minimise resource constraints and eliminate overallocation of resources, even if it means extending the project's duration.

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Business Evidence

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Business Application

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Professional Tools

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Further Reading

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Resource Smoothing vs Resource Levelling references (4 of up to 20) *

  • El-Rayes, K., & Kandil, A. (2005). Optimizing resource allocation for construction projects using genetic algorithms. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 131(3), 327-335.
  • Milani, A. S., & Kaminski, P. C. (2011). Genetic algorithm application for levelling and smoothing of resources in project scheduling. International Journal of Project Management, 29(1), 97-109.
  • Gupta, P., & Jain, V. (2013). Resource optimization in manufacturing system using genetic algorithm. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 4(7), 1545-1549.
  • Abdel-Malek, L., & El-Razek, M. E. A. (2016). Resource levelling: A case study. Procedia Engineering, 164, 404-411.

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