Public Goods


The concept describes the controversial topic of public goods. It discusses what constitutes a public good in economic terms, the issue of funding public goods, as well as the challenges of measuring the value of public goods.

Technique Overview

Public Goods

Public Goods Definition

Public goods are those that are neither excludable nor rival. Excludability is the property of a good whereby a person can be prevented from using it, while rivalry implies that someone's use of the good diminishes its use by others. Some examples of public goods include national defence, knowledge, basic R&D and clean air (Holcombe, 1997; Mankiw,2009).

Public Goods Description *

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Business Evidence

Public Goods Strengths *

Public Goods Weaknesses *

Examples of Public Goods *

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Business Application

Public Goods Implementation *

Success Factors of Public Goods *

Measures of Public Goods *

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Professional Tools

Public Goods Videos *

Public Goods Downloads *

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Further Reading

Public Goods Web Resources *

Public Goods Print Resources *

Public Goods References (4 of up to 20) *

  • BBC News (2003) Congestion Charging: In London, available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/uk/03/congestion_charge/exemptions_guide/html/what.stm
  • BusinessWeek (2006) Fished Out , Sep 4, available at: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_36/b3999067.htm
  • Chestney, N. (2011) UK Nuclear Investment Environment "Dire": Citigroup, Reuters, Jul 6, available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/06/us-nuclear-citigroup-idUSTRE76548820110706
  • du Preez, M., Menzies, G., Sale, M., Hosking, S. (2012) Measuring the Indirect Costs Associated with the Establishment of a Wind Farm: An Application of the Contingent Valuation Method, Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, 23(1), 1-7.

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