Phases of Change


Lewin’s phases of change model has made an important contribution to the study of organisations and management. Strengths and weaknesses of the theory are considered within a business context and practical implementation guidance is provided.

Technique Overview

Phases of Change

Phases of Change Definition

Kurt Lewin's phases of change model describes a "planned approach" to organisational change management that progresses through three stages. Thus, it is commonly referred to as the three-step model: unfreeze, change, freeze (or refreeze) (Lewin, 1947).

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Business Evidence

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Business Application

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Professional Tools

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Further Reading

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Phases of Change References (4 of up to 20) *

  • Bargal, D. and Bar, H. (1992) ‘A Lewinian approach to intergroup workshops for Arab-Palestinian and Jewish Youth’. Journal of Social Issues, 48, 2, 139–54.
  • Burnes, B. (2004) Kurt Lewin and Complexity Theories: Back to the Future? Journal of Change Management, 4(4), 309-325.
  • Burnes, B. (2014). Managing Change. (6th ed.) London: Pearson.
  • Carton, R.B. & Hofer, C.W. (2006) Measuring Organizational Performance, Edward Elgar, Glos, UK.

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