Material Requirements Planning


The concept has been created to assist operational managers and practitioners in ensuring the availability of materials and products for planned production. It explores the ways to maintain the lowest possible levels of inventory, plan manufacturing activities, and deliver schedules and purchasing activities.

Technique Overview

Material Requirements Planning

Material Requirements Planning Definition

Material Requirements Planning (MRP) is a planning and decision-making tool in the production process. According to Browne et al. (1988), MRP is "a planning tool geared specifically to assembly operations. The aim is to allow each manufacturing unit to tell its supplier what parts it requires and when it requires them".

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Business Application

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Further Reading

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Material Requirements Planning References (4 of up to 20) *

  • Aghazadeh, S.-M. (2003) MRP Contributes to a Company's Profitability. Assembly Automation, Vol. 23(3), pp. 257-265.
  • Billington, P.J., McClain, J.O. and Thomas, L.J. (1983) Mathematical Programming Approaches to Capacity-constrained MRP Systems: Review, Formulation and Problem Reduction. Management Science, Vol. 29(10), pp. 1126-1141.
  • Browne, J., Harhen, J and Shivnan. J. (1988) Production Management Systems. Addison-Wesley: Wokingham.
  • Chen, I.J. (2001) Planning for ERP Systems: Analysis and Future Trend. Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 7(5), pp. 374-386.

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