Locus of Control


Locus of control has been applied to learning theory, leadership and organisational behaviour and entrepreneurship. Implementation steps for improving positive work behaviours and performance are presented alongside business evidence and success factors.

Technique Overview

Locus of Control

Locus of Control Definition

'Internal versus external control refers to the degree to which persons expect that a reinforcement or an outcome of their behaviour will be contingent on their own behaviour or personal characteristics versus the degree to which persons expect that the reinforcement or outcome is a function of chance, luck, or fate (which is under the control of powerful others or is simply unpredictable)' (Rotter, 1966).

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Business Evidence

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Business Application

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Professional Tools

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Further Reading

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Locus of Control References (4 of up to 20) *

  • Blau, G. (1993) Testing the relationship of locus of control to different performance dimensions. Journal of Occupational and Organizational psychology, Vol. 66(2), pp.125-138.
  • Chebat, J.C., Zuccaro, C. & Filiatrault, P. (1992) Locus of control as a moderator variable for the attribution and learning processes of marketing, Journal of Social Psychology, Vol.132(5), pp.597-608.
  • Coombs, W. N. & Schroeder, H. E. (1988) Generalized locus of control: an analysis of factor Analytic Data, Personality and Individual Difference, Vol. 9(1), pp.79- 85.
  • Dollinger, S. J. (2000) Locus of Control and Incidental Learning: An application to College Student Success, College Student Journal, Vol.34(4), pp.537-540.

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