Flat / Horizontal Organisation


Traditionally, organisations were organised vertically. This concept presents an alternative way of defining organisational structure as horizontal or flat, and explores its advantages and drawbacks.

Technique Overview

Flat / Horizontal Organisation

Flat / Horizontal Organisation Definition

Flat organisations are characterised by relatively few levels of management, less emphasis on formalisation and fairly loose connections between sub-units (Triplett, 2007). Work in such organisations is organised around core business processes rather than around specialised functional tasks (Daft, 2010; Ostroff, 1999).

Flat / Horizontal Organisation Description *

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Business Evidence

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Examples of Flat / Horizontal Organisation *

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Business Application

Flat / Horizontal Organisation Implementation *

Success Factors of Flat / Horizontal Organisation *

Measures of Flat / Horizontal Organisation *

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Professional Tools

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Further Reading

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Flat / Horizontal Organisation References (4 of up to 20) *

  • BBC News (2000) Dyke Moves to Streamline BBC. [Online] Available at: news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/827518.stm [Accessed: 9 February 2012].
  • Burton, R.M., DeSanctis, G. and Obel, B. (2006) Organizational Design: A Step by Step Approach. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Daft, R.L. (2010) Organization Theory and Design. Cengage Learning, Mason, OH.
  • Fontaine, C.W. (2007) Organisational Structure: A Critical Factor for Organizational Effectiveness and Employee Satisfaction. Human Resource Management Knowledge Base, Northwestern University. [Online] Available at: professorfontaine.com/files/Organizational_Structure_White_Paper_v7b.pdf

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