Collective Bargaining


The concept describes how collective bargaining facilitates negotiations between employers and groups of employees. It outlines the benefits and drawbacks for different stakeholders and offers step by step implementation advice to help ensure a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) can be reached.

Technique Overview

Collective Bargaining Definition

Collective bargaining is the formal process of negotiation between an employer and a group of employees. It usually relates to issues of employment, rights and conditions such as pay, rest and working time, work organisation and health and safety. The successful conclusion of the bargaining process should result in a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) being reached (Gennard & Judge, 2005).

Collective Bargaining Description *

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Business Evidence

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Business Application

Collective Bargaining Implementation *

Success Factors of Collective Bargaining *

Measures of Collective Bargaining *

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Professional Tools

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Further Reading

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Collective Bargaining References (4 of up to 20) *

  • Bacon, N. and Blyton, P. (2004) Trade Union Responses to Workplace Restructuring: Exploring Union Orientations and Actions, Work, Employment & Society, Vol. 18 (4), pp. 749-73.
  • Friedman, E. and Lee, C. K. (2010) Remaking the World of Chinese Labour: A 30-year Retrospective, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 48 (3), pp. 507-33.
  • Gennard, J. and Judge, G. (2005) Employee Relations, CIPD, London.
  • Giri, Y. L. (2008) Human Resource Management: Managing People at Work, Nirali Prakashan, Pune, India.

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